The New Echo Chamber: Exploring Paywalls in Digital Journalism

Hayden Godfrey


Hayden Godfrey (he/him) is a journalist and writer born and raised in the suburbs of Toronto, Ont.

During his first year of university, Hayden was a contributing reporter to The Eyeopener, X University’s award-winning student newspaper. Since then, his work has appeared in The Toronto Star, The National Post, The Hockey News, The Regina Leader-Post, Toronto Life, Daily Hive Toronto, Clash Magazine, and numerous other outlets.

When not reading the newspaper (or reading about the newspaper), Hayden can be found drinking tea, reading the latest Bob Woodward book, or listening to folk records from the 1970s.

Research Summary

This research will meaningfully address the degree to which rhetorical and discursive sentiments have been affected by subscriptions and paywalls. It will qualitatively describe those sentiments across the consumer-journalist spectrum and, perhaps most importantly, attempt to pragmatically summarize the direction in which paid journalism is heading, drawing the crucial distinction between a new, enduring future, or a bleak, fragmented practice of yesteryear.


journalism; media; reporting; newspapers

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